9/11 of India: A Critical Review on Armed Forces Special Power Act (Afspa), and Human Right Violation in North East India
Dr. Sailajananda Saikia

The Central Government of India had always a policy difference for the North Eastern States. While introducing AFSPA in the Parliament, authorizing martial law in the North-east Region, the then Union Home Minster justified the Act as a temporary measure to contain the uprising in the Naga Hills. But five decades later, large part of the Northeast is still declared ‘disturbed’ under the Act and the civilian population is still under grip of the military rule. Thousands of lives have been extinguished in enforced disappearances and extrajudicial executions. Torture, rape, arbitrary detention, forced migration and displacement has become part of life. An attempt has been made in this paper to find that this draconian law is applied for last fifty years to people whose features are mongoloid and different from the rest of the country. It is draconian and xenophobia law. There is a need to repeat the debate that AFSPA has failed to solve insurgency challenges; rather, it has only intensified the problem of human right for the people of north eastern state. There is an ideological debate on the subject of why youngsters take up arms. How can we solve the problem without using armed violence? It will be worth focusing on other alternative to solve the five decades old socio-political crisis of North East India region.

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